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(Seminar) Stringy Effects at Low-Energy Limit
2019-09-03  【 】【打印】【關閉

CAS Key Laboratory of Theoretical Physics

Institute of Theoretical Physics

Chinese Academy of Sciences

Seminar

Title

題目

Stringy Effects at Low-Energy Limit 

Speaker

報告人

Chen-Te Ma (马承德) 

Affiliation

所在單位

South China Normal University & University of Cape Town

Date

日期

September 3 (Tuesday), 2019, 14:30-16:00

Venue

地點

ITP South Building 6420

Abstract

摘要

In the simple case of bosonic closed string theory with one of the twenty-five spatial directions being a circle of radius $R$, one has to take the field-theory limit $R\gg\sqrt{\alpha^{\prime}}$ to study the low-energy physics. The corresponding massless spectrum, which does not have the winding number and internal momenta excitation, is obtained when the left-moving and right-moving oscillator numbers equal to one, i.e.  $N_L=N_R=1$. This condition characterizes the strong constraint solutions in Double Field Theory. When, in the context of this letter,  one considers instead $N_L\neq N_R$, then the strong constraint solution is not enough to take into account the massless states with nontrivial internal momentum and winding number. This stringy effect in the low-energy limit should be expected from a perturbation in the parameter $\sqrt{\alpha^{\prime}}/R$. We use a linear gauge transformation to construct the quadratic action with a new mass term for the state $(N_L, N_R)=(2, 0), (0, 2)$, and the action is T-dual invariant. By obtaining a gauge transformation for a non-linear extension, a constraint acting on fields can be uniquely defined in triple-products. Finally, we show that the stringy effects only appear in the higher dimensional compact dimensions.

Contact Person

所內聯系人

冼卓宇
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